Date of Award

Fall 2017

Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Committee Chair

KV Sudhakar

First Advisor

Bruce Madigan

Second Advisor

Ronda Coguill


Laser powder bed fusion or 3D printing is a potential candidate for net shape forming and manufacturing complex shapes. Understanding of how various parameters affect build quality is necessary. Specimens were made from 316L stainless steel at 0°, 30°, 60°, and 90° angles measured from the build plate. Three tensile and four fatigue specimens at each angle were produced. Fracture morphology investigation was performed to determine the fracture mode of specimens at each build angle. Microstructural analysis was performed on one of each orientation. The average grain size of the samples was marginally influenced by the build angle orientation. Tensile yield strength was the highest for 0° and decreased in the order of 60°, 30°, and 90° angles; all had higher yield strength than wrought. Unlike with the tensile results, the 60° had the highest fatigue strength followed by the 0°, then the 30°, and the 90° build angle had the lowest fatigue strength. Tensile specimens all failed predominantly by ductile fracture, with a few locations of brittle fracture suspected to be caused by delamination. Fatigue fracture always initiated at void space. Keywords:


A thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Masters of Science in Metallurgical Engineering and Mineral Processing