The construction industry continues to be plagued by high injury and fatality rates compared to other sectors. The occurrence of occupational injuries and fatalities are greatly influenced by worker risk-taking, unsafe work behaviors, and work environment. This exploratory study analyzed a total of 315 responses collected in Colorado (n = 218) and Puerto Rico (n = 97) using the safety culture and risk perception survey instrument. Responses were graded using a Likert scale 1 to 5 where, 1 = highly disagree and 5 = highly agree. The Puerto Rico group scored higher overall for a positive safety climate with a total score of 118 versus 115 for Latino construction workers in Colorado. Nearly half the workers were 30 years of age or younger. Findings revealed that Colorado Latino construction workers reported a higher level of concern for job related risks with a mean score of 3.9 compared to the Puerto Rico construction workers with a mean score of 3.5., p-value 0.05. The workers in Puerto Rico also reported that their supervisors were better informed about safety issues compared to the Colorado cohort with a mean scores of 4.7 and 4.5 respectively, p-value 0.04. The Colorado Latino workers indicated that management places most of the blame for accidents on the injured employee with a mean score of 3.2 compared to the Puerto Rico workers with a mean score of 2.8, p-value 0.01. This study contributes to the body of knowledge by increasing the understanding of perceptions that may contribute to factors influencing decision making, unsafe work behaviors, and resulting work related injuries or fatalities.
Del Puerto, Carla Lopez; Gilkey, David P.; Irizarry, Javier; and Rivera, Eddie, "An Exploratory Study to Investigate Safety Climate among Latino Construction Workers" (2018). Safety Health & Industrial Hygiene. 43.