Fundamentals of Slag-Metal Reactions

Document Type


Publication Date

Winter 3-3-2020


High temperature slag–metal reactions play a central role in industrial processes such as refining of steel and silicon as prominent examples. This lecture is intended as a brief overview of the thermodynamics, reaction mechanisms, chemical kinetics, and mass transfer of solutes. The quite complex and unusual transient interfacial phenomena involved in many slag-metal reactions shall be highlighted. The limitations of our knowledge in this area and future directions in research will also be discussed.

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Dr. Jesse Franklin White is Technology Director at Elkem Carbon AS, supporting production facilities in Brazil, China, Malaysia, Norway, and South Africa. In parallel, Jesse is also currently an affiliate faculty member of the Materials Science and Engineering Department at the KTH Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm, where he teaches thermodynamics and conducts research in the areas of high -temperature experimental thermodynamics and kinetics.