Perceptions of Career & Technical Education in Montana: A Survey of Millennials & Generation X

Document Type


Publication Date

Spring 1-31-2019


This research identifies how Millennials and the tail end of Generation X perceive Career Technical Education (CTE) courses as a part of their secondary education, and how they perceive careers commonly associated with CTE. It also investigates if, or how, societal, peer, and parental pressures influence perceptions of CTE, especially when compared to the common educational pathway which advocates 4-year college degrees as the way to a successful career and good life.

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Bill Ryan is a Journeyman Carpenter, who worked in his trade as foremen, job-site superintendent, project manager, construction manager, and business owner. In 2008, Bill started teaching at the College of Technology at Montana Tech to pursue his interest in teaching his craft to others. He also began his college education at Montana Tech, earning two Associate’s degrees, a Bachelor of Applied Science (BAS) degree and an Interdisciplinary Masters’ degree. Bill is currently working towards a doctorate in education leadership at the University of Montana. He is a tenured faculty member teaching Carpentry and Construction Technology courses at Montana Tech’s Highlands College.