Becoming Chinese in Montana: The Chinese Empire Reform Association & National Identity among Montana's Chinese Communities
That Montana had a large Chinese population in the late 19th century is well known. Often analysis of this community focuses solely on their challenges and contributions in the American West, ignoring the transnational nature of the Chinese experience. By understanding Montana’s Chinese pioneers through a global lens they can be seen as active and engaged participants who used the skills gained through their time in the American West to work for self improvement and to strengthen a severely weakened China they had temporarily left but never forgotten.
Johnson, Mark, "Becoming Chinese in Montana: The Chinese Empire Reform Association & National Identity among Montana's Chinese Communities" (2017). Public Lecture Series. 104.