Date of Award

Fall 2015

Degree Type

Non-Thesis Project

Degree Name

MS Industrial Hygiene


Industrial Hygiene

Committee Chair

Terry Spear

First Advisor

Julie Hart


More than 1 million workers are employed in Grounds Maintenance operations in the United States today. These workers perform varied but recurring tasks necessary to maintain the orderly and healthful function of parks, residential and commercial landscapes, and institutional grounds.

Technological advancements in machinery have, over time, vastly increased the productive impact of each worker. While fewer workers are needed per acre, the same advances in production have amplified some types of health risk to this work population.

This inquiry identified the primary chronic stressors inherent in modern grounds maintenance work, chiefly exposures to noise and respirable engine emissions.

The results reveal a number of conditions of concern, and support a strong need for awareness training and control options for this population and its managers in order to reduce risk of chronic adverse health effects.


A report submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science Industrial Hygiene Distance Learning/Professional Track Montana Tech of the University of Montana 2015