Date of Award
Master of Science (MS)
The mining process begins with drilling and blasting activities. The efficiency of blasting affects all downstream operations such as loading, hauling, crushing and milling. Therefore drilling and blasting activities should be designed to ensure that designed parameters produce the desired fragmentation. The Kuz-Ram model is a fragmentation prediction model and is widely used for predicting the fragmentation distribution from blasting in the mining industry. This research evaluates the performance of the Kuz-Ram and Modified Kuz-Ram models to determine the most accurate models applicable to a Western US open pit copper mine’s fragmentation data. The performance assessment was done using the Root Mean Square Error and correlation and regression analyses. A general trend of under estimation of the fines (< 0.75 inch) and over estimation of oversize (≥ 25 inch) was observed using the Kuz-Ram and Modified Kuz-Ram models as compared to the Split image analysis obtained in the field. From the image analysis, the average actual amount of fines produced from the eight blasts studied was 27.62% with an insignificant amount of oversize material less than 5%. Though all the models had high correlation coefficient, R and coefficient of determination, R2 values (above 95%) in predicting the fragmentation distribution, the Modified Kuz-Ram model performed well in six out of the eight blasts considered while the Kuz-Ram model performed best in two out of the eight blasts considered.
Gadikor, Joel, "OPTIMIZATION OF DRILLING AND BLASTING PRACTICES AT A WESTERN US OPEN PIT COPPER MINE" (2018). Graduate Theses & Non-Theses. 168.