Date of Award


Degree Type

Bachelors Thesis

Degree Name

Bachelor of Science in Metallurgical Engineering



First Advisor

Mr. J. U. MacEwan

Second Advisor

Dr. Curtis L. Wilson

Third Advisor

Dr. A. E. Koenig


It is estimated that 90 to 95% of the world’s consumption of manganese is used in the steel industry in the form of either ferromanganese or spiegeleisen. The remainder is used in the form of either salts or oxides, chloride, dioxide and monoxide.