Water Quality Issues in the Williston Basin, Montana and North Dakota
The Williston basin has been producing oil and gas since the 1950s, but production has increased recently due to use of hydraulic fracturing and horizontal drilling technologies to extract oil and gas from the Bakken and Three Forks Formations. As concern about effects of energy production on surface-water and groundwater quality increases, the characterization of current water-quality conditions is highly important to the scientific community, resource managers, industry, and general public.
Caldwell, Rod, "Water Quality Issues in the Williston Basin, Montana and North Dakota" (2014). Public Lecture Series. 26.